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On 5 July 1963, a group of African-American artists met in New York to discuss how their art should respond to the Civil Rights movement. They asked many questions about their responsibility as Black artists to their community and nation. The group met weekly from the summer of 1963 through 1965 and organized one group exhibition. They named the group Spiral.
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The M.H. de Young Museum is located at Golden Gate Park in San Francisco. This exhibit is available for viewing from 9 November 2019 through 15 March 2020.
A view from the de Young Museum looking southeast. Mount Sutro and Sutro Tower are visible in the distance.
The Hero, 1968 Phillip Lindsay Mason (born 1939)
Eva the Babysitter, 1973 Emma Amos (born 1938)
Maiden Voyage, ca. 1969 Phillip Lindsay Mason (born 1939)
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This is a photo of a San Francisco Municipal Railway (SF Muni)L-Taraval streetcar. The location is at the underground Embarcadero train station. SF Muniis the seventh-largest transit system in theUnited States, in terms of ridership, with approximately 212,000,000 rides annually. Here is a view of a Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) underground train station. BART is a rail transit system in the San Francisco Bay Area. It serves passengers in three California counties: Alameda, Contra Costa, and San Francisco. BART is the fifth busiest rapid transit system in the United States. It averages approximately 411,000 passengers per day.
Ramble #1: This map shows the route traveled from the Ashbury Heights neighborhood over Mount Sutro and concluding in theSunset Districton 19th Avenue at Judah Street.The route taken was recorded by a GPS receiver; the distance traveled was approximately 4.4 miles, and the cumulative elevation gain was about 645 feet.
This is a view of the summit of Mount Sutro. In the 1950s,1960s, and early 1970s, during the Cold War, the U.S. Government had between 250 and 300 Nike Missile defense sites constructed and installed in the United States. Each missile site was occupied by military personnel and consisted of two plots of land separated by a distance of approximately two miles. One parcel of land was used as the missile launching site. The second parcel of land was where radar antennas scanned the sky for enemy planes traveling towards the land area protected by the Nike missile site. This area of land on the summit of Mount Sutro, known asSF-89C, was the site of the radar antennas. The missile launching position, SF-89L, was located about two miles north of Mount Sutro, in San Francisco's Presidio Army base.
Here is one of the several former military positions located on the south side of Mount Sutro. It is downhill and approximately 200 feet from the radar antennae positioned on the summit. This location was used by the soldiers who operated the radar tracking equipment. This facility is now being used as a native plant growing site.
This structure was a military police guard building; it is located near the former radar tracking site.
Here is a view looking northwest from the vicinity of Nike radar site SF-89C, which is located on the summit of Mount Sutro. Ahead in the distance is the location of the Presidio U.S. Army base, which was the launching site of the three SF-89L missile launch pads. Each launch pad had four missile launching positions. Twelve missiles could thus be launched simultaneously if needed. No missiles were ever launched from any of the Nike missile sites located throughout the United States. This photograph shows one of the three Presidio missile launching pads known as SF-89L. The houses in the distance are located in the Richmond District of San Francisco, and theview is looking south. The mountain on the far left is Mount Sutro. Sited at the summit of Mount Sutro, at an elevation of 909 feet, is radar tracking site SF-89C. It was designed to guidethe missiles towards incoming enemy aircraft. This picture is circa 1958-1960.
This is a picture of the upper part of Oakhurst Lane which is a steep and long stairway on the west side of Mount Sutro. The stairway goes from near the upper portion of Mount Sutro down to near the base of the mountain.
Here is a photo that was taken from the Oakhurst Lane stairway, looking northwest towards the Inner Sunset District. Grandview Parkis located on the hill in the distance.
This is theSunset branchof the San Francisco Public Library. The building is located on 18th Avenue at Irving Street. Andrew Carnegiedonated the money necessary for the construction of this library building, andsix other San Francisco library buildings. In addition, between 1883 and 1920, Andrew Carnegie built a total of 2,509 libraries throughout the world. Of those, 1,689 libraries were built in the United States, 660 in the United Kingdom and Ireland, and 125 in Canada. He also built libraries in Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Serbia, France, the Caribbean, Mauritius, Malaysia, and Fiji. Thank you,Andrew Carnegie.This library branch opened on 18 March 1918.
Ramble #2: This map shows the route traveled from the West Portal neighborhood over Mount Davidson and concluded at the Glen Park BART train station. The route taken was recorded by a GPS receiver; the distance traveled was approximately 3.3 miles, and the cumulative elevation gain was roughly 555 feet. Mount Davidson, at 927 feet, is the highest natural point in San Francisco.
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This photograph was taken from Kite Hill, and the view is looking north. The treed area ahead on the right isBuena Vista Park. The hilltop on the left side of the photo is Mount Olympus.
This map shows the route taken, as recorded by a GPS receiver. The approximate distance traveled was 5.1 miles; the approximate cumulative elevation gain was 848 feet.
NOW This is a view of the summit of Mount Olympus. This hilltop has a fascinating history: An empty pedestal is now at the top of the 570-foot hill. From 1887 until 1955, there was a twelve-foot-high concrete statue ontop of the now-empty pedestal. Titled “Triumph of Light,” the statue showed Lady Liberty. The statue was given to the City of San Francisco byAdolph Sutroin 1887. The statue remained on the topof Mount Olympus for sixty-eight years, and it had a hard life. The concrete weathered and crumbled; water was causing the statue’s metal support rods to rust, and so in 1955, the city decided to removethe statue because it was deemed to be a hazard. This pedestal is the last remaining portion of the “Triumph of Light” statue installation. Mount Olympus is located near the geographical center of San Francisco. This view is looking northwest.
THEN The Triumph of Light Statue as seen on the top of Mount Olympus in 1888. A plaque on the pedestal reads "Erected by Adolph Sutro 1887" This view is looking west across undeveloped Cole Valley. Golden Gate Park and Strawberry Hill are visible in the right background. Thanks to the Western Neighborhoods Projectfor the use of this photo.
THEN The Triumph of Light Statue as seen on the top of Mount Olympus in 1947. Buena Vista Park is visible behind Mount Olympus. This view is looking northeast.
This is a view looking southwest from Corona Heights Park. At the beginning of the 20th Century, this site was the location of a brick-manufacturing factory. The hill was then known as Rocky Hill. There were also several active rock quarries at this hill site to provide the raw material needed for the brick kiln. The rock quarries and brick kiln were owned and operated by two brothers, George and Harry Gray. In 1899 they established the rock quarries and built the brick kiln factory on Rocky Hill. San Francisco needed stones and bricks for building construction, street paving, and other uses. The Gray brothers provided the necessary material. The brothers also operated rock quarries on Telegraph Hill and Billy Goat Hill. The brick-making kiln on Rocky Hill burned down during the 1906 Earthquake and Fire; the rock quarrying continued unabated, and the kiln was rebuilt.
On 10 November 1914, a desperate 36-year-old former quarry worker named Joseph Lococo approached co-owner George Gray to request the $17.50 due him in back wages. The Sicilian immigrant was ill, and he and his family were about to be evicted from the apartment they were renting in the Potrero Hill neighborhood. Also, he, his wife, and their two babies had not eaten for two days. George Gray refused to pay him and told him to get out. Joseph Lococo then pulled out a gun and shot George Gray dead. Lococo was jailed and went on trial for the murder. He was acquitted because of temporary insanity, and he walked out of the courtroom a free man. Harry Gray shut down the rock quarry and brick kiln operation in 1915.
In 1928 Josephine Randall, the Recreation Superintendent of San Francisco, proposed that the city buy the 16 acre Rocky Hill site so that it may be used by the residents of San Francisco as a recreational facility. Rocky Hill was purchased by the city in 1941 and, it was then renamed Corona Heights Park. The Randall Museum, located on the lower southwest side of the hill, opened in 1951. It was the desire of Josephine Randall to create a place where city children could experience “a day in the country" and learn to love natural history, science, and crafts. Today, the museum offers science exhibits, art and ceramics classes, a theater, and a carpentry workshop. The park provides some of the best views of San Francisco.
This is all that now remains of the Rocky Hill brick kiln building. This location is adjacent to State Street. This is a view from Corona Heights Park looking northeast.
Here is a view of Twin Peaks as seen from the intersection of 22nd Street and Collingswood Street.
A house near Buena Vista Park. A view from Corona Heights Park looking northeast. This house is located at 22 Beaver Street. The residence was constructed in 1870 by silver refiner Jacob Benedict. It is an Italianate style dwelling that was erected near Rocky Hill, now known as Corona Heights Park. The home was converted to a boarding house after the 1906 earthquake and later used as a hippie crash-pad. Beginning in 1966, after a change of ownership and years of neglect, the building underwent a decades-long restoration. The property has recently been designated San Francisco Landmark #284.
This is a view from Corona Heights Park looking northwest. The treed area ahead is Buena Vista Park. The large building in front of the park was under construction from 1926 through 1928. It was erected as St. Joseph's Hospital. The hospital closed on 6 September 1979. The hospital building was subsequently converted to its present configuration, a condominium apartment building.
"A camera is a tool for learning how to see without a camera.” Dorothea Lang
"Photography has not changed since its origin except in its technical aspects, which for me are not important." Henri Carter-Bresson
"There are always two people in every picture: the photographer and the viewer." Ansel Adams